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5 Historical codes are still broken.

Edgar Allan Poe, I An article from July 1841 of the Graham’s Magazine.When people think that creating a simple secret code is a relatively simple thing, in fact “it can be clearly stated that human intelligence cannot create a cipher that cannot be easily solved by human Can It was easy to say that. Shortly after his untimely death, Poe’s friend. Rev. Warren H. Kidworth recalled. That the author’s “ability to open extremely dark and disturbing cyphers was truly supernatural.” The rest of us get stumped sometimes. There are five codes and ciphers that have tainted human convenience for decades, centuries, even thousands of years.

1. The Wench Manuscript.

The Wench Manuscript has been troubling emperors, antiquities and cryptologists for at least 400 years. This is a bright manuscript of 240 pages written by an unknown author in an unknown language. Dynamic reflection of plants and astronomical and astronomical charts show that volume can be a chemical, magical or scientific text. The pages of the calf’s skin were radiocarbons dating from 1404 to 1438. While the date of the iron ink is not given, as none of the pages have been erased before, this version was probably written at that time.

Researchers believe that the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II (1576-1612) obtained the prescription in the late 16th century and gave it to his personal physician and pharmacologist Jacobus Sinapius to make his head or tail. He could not. Nor did the Czech chemist George Barish, the Bohemian physician Johannes Marcus Marcy, and the Jesuit Polymeth Athenaeus Crچرcher. After Kritcher’s book was found in Marcy in 1665, the manuscript disappeared from the historical record until 1912, when Wolford Wench, an antique bookseller, found it in a book chest. Were Wynich will spend the rest of his life trying to understand manuscripts. Although he failed, at least his efforts earned him the right to be named.

He later accused her of cheating because some people thought the whole book was a hoax written by Weinich himself. Radiocarbon dating paid off with this theory, as one has a hard time finding the most up-to-date, unused William of the 15th century, covered in amazing writing and drawing. In both World Wars, professional code breakers and a cold tried their hand at breaking the Winch code without success. (You can read Mantle Floss’s story about recent attempts to break it. Here.)

It’s not just the writing that has been impossible to break: some of the drawings are cypresses as well. The manuscript depicts 113 unknown plant species, and no one knows what it means to have amazing poses for young women in water bodies or with strange pipe systems.

Do you think you’re better than Rudolf II’s royal court, the greatest cryptographer of the 20th century and the rest? You can try your hand at breaking the Wench manuscript on the website. Bale’s rare book and manuscript library at Yale University..

2. Papers Oxy Hurnches 90.

In 1896, archaeologists Bernard Pine Greenfell and Arthur Serge Hunt discovered thousands of pieces of paper in a pile of rubbish outside Oxy Hernchus, Egypt. Protected from the arid desert heat, Papri details daily life (receipts, insurance claims, loan notices, personal letters), excellent literature (large portions of Lost Euripides dramas, a summary of Levi’s seven lost books, a Poem) recorded. , And Scriptures – the Gospels, both canonical and apocryphal – from the first to the sixth century AD.

The Papyrus is one of the records of 90 days of daily life, a receipt for the accumulation of wheat in the public store of 179-80 AD. What doesn’t make it worldly are the last two lines. They are written in Greek letters like the rest of the papyrus, but they are not Greek words. Greenfield and Hunt noted. When he published the papers. That it was not a graded version of the Demotic script (Egyptian “document writing” language). It turns out to be a cryptocurrency, some wheat-gathering intelligence that demanded secrecy.

A copy of the text is available for Fearless Greek Scholar / Encryption. Here.

3. Letters from King Charles I and Queen Henrietta Maria.

King Charles I of England had many secrets and many enemies were out of his secrets. Most of his correspondence was wrapped in cypresses to keep parliamentarians out of his business. Charles’s cyphers kept secrets that historians did not realize. Until a few years ago That a.) He once spoke foul, and b.) He planned to “swing” (an obscene word for sex) with the red-haired stepdaughter of one of his courtiers while Caris Brock was imprisoned in Castle in 1648. Was

During the First English Civil War (1642–1646), he and his beloved wife, Henrietta-Maria, were separated for a long time. Initially, she was seeking political support for the royal cause in The Hague. Hawking the Crown Jewels. To fund her husband’s war forever. By March 1645, with the tide of war against them, Henrietta-Maria was back in her hometown of Paris.

During their separation, they wrote patiently to each other, and they were not saying sweet things. Henrietta was deeply involved in her husband’s rule and was a continental branch of Charles I’s court for all purposes and purposes. The letters were full of political maneuvers, military plans, and perhaps a Protestant England that was deeply suspicious of Catholic Henrietta-Maria, promising to liberate England’s anti-Catholic laws.

On March 5, 1645, Charles sent a new cipher to Henrietta-Maria by a reliable courier named Polly. A month later, in a letter to his wife on April 8, he used a cipher:

In a word, when I don’t know anyone better (I don’t talk about business anymore), 398 270 55 5 7 67 18 294 35 69 16 54 6 38 1 67 68 9 66: You can easily decide That’s how your conversation made me happy.

[note] The little thing here is in what I sent you by Polly.

After the Battle of Naseebi on June 14, 1645, the correspondence between Charles and Henrietta was confiscated and published by Parliamentarians. He had a letter dated March 5. The bomber struck shortly after noon.He authorized him to promise any useful person in his name that “I will soon abolish all penal laws against Roman Catholicism in England as soon as God enables me to do so through them.” “It simply came to our notice then.

So April Cypher could be an expression of love or intimacy (he was probably not talking about bowing to her), or it could be a different kind of conversation, like some fulfillment of that promise, which pleased King Charles. ۔ We will not know until someone breaks it.

4. Dorabella cipher.

Composer Edward Elgar is probably known today as a companion to every graduation ceremony. The hustle and bustle.But he was also a fan of the art of cryptography. He expressed his abilities in a letter written by his wife on July 14, 1897. Elgar befriended the family’s daughter, Dora Penny, and included a postscript in his wife’s letter to Dora.

At first glance, this may seem like a group of fights at different angles, reminiscent of the universal comic book symbol for circling, but each character actually consists of one, two, or three semicircles bent in eight different directions. Is. Dora couldn’t break it, so she kept the letter in the drawer for the next 40 years until she published it in her memoirs in 1937.

Tim S. Roberts thinks he broke it with a simple alternative cipher (you can find a PDF explaining the solution) Here):

“PS Now there’s beige grass in it – pure stupidity – a whole bed!”

The subject, Roberts thinks, cites an earlier letter or conversation in which Edward and Dora discussed over-harvesting their garden. Without this very vague discourse, the solution makes no sense at all, and clearly, even with it, only the first sentence makes sense. He also had to stir things to fit. Some parts are straightforward alternatives, others require changing or adding characters. He only flashes what “Sabonod” might mean, saying that Elgar liked Italian musician Luigi Chirobini to grow up, and that Dora Penny was said to be hesitant, so Elgar He was teased by the Italian musician’s accent that he had apparently introduced. unorganized د There is no role for me either. I I Studio. He put it in just to make a word.

When the Elgar Society held the Dorabella Cipher Competition in 2007 to celebrate Elgar’s 150th anniversary (and again next year), none of these solutions were accepted, although many seemed reasonable. Finally“The results are read as a disconnected chain of bizarre statements, like an imaginary mind can connect to any group of random letters.” So far, all the proposed solutions fall into this category. And there’s a turning point: Elgar created a key in the 1920s. According to New scientist, Published in an exercise book and “listed the symbols used in the Dorabella cipher matching the letters of the alphabet” – nothing that makes sense.

5. Carrier Pigeon NURP 40 TW 194Last message

In 1982, David and Ann Martin found the remains of a bird while renovating their fireplace. One of her skeletal legs had a red plastic capsule attached to it, marking it. World War II military career pigeon. Who chose the wrong roast to deliver the message and died in the fireplace. Inside the capsule was the original coded message – 27 groups of five letters with a few digits at the end – written on a scroll the size of a rolling paper.


It took many years for the government to persuade anyone to take a look at Cyper. In 2010, experts at Bletchley Park, a museum that was the headquarters of British intelligence’s code-breakers during World War II, finally checked it out. They were not able to break it, but they discovered that it must have been an important monument. None of Bletchley Park’s classified MI6 pigeons carried coded messages during the war. Pigeon NURP 40 TW 194 is likely to carry very sensitive information, halfway between Normandy and Blechley Park and just five miles from the headquarters of Field Marshal Montgomery in Reggaet where the planned day landing was planned. Have been

A few weeks after the story broke, the media reported that Ontario’s history was made by Gord Young. Claimed to have broken the code. Thanks to his great uncle’s book World War I Royal Flying Corps Aerial Observer. However, the solution was rough around the edges. He was unable to understand some of it, and he interpreted many of the 27 groups as constructive abbreviations that had no precedent in the military record. He must have misinterpreted some of the letters – by mistake. U for a W.For example – and there are some painful weird, useless phrases like “Jerry’s headquarters determines the locations in front. Battery headquarters right here. Headquarters infantry found here. Final note, confirming, Jerry’s whereabouts.” Found. ” This is a very repetitive act to take place on cigarette paper.

Blechley Park did not think the solution was right. Then, the underworld discovered that Young had never intended to offer an actual answer – he was just trying to help move the process forward. So unless the World War II codebook is matched with the right key, Bleachley Park doesn’t think anyone will be able to break the pigeon code.

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