Ending Russia’s War and NATO Expansion

China is eyeing a potential double victory for the country’s national interests in achieving a resolution to the crisis in Ukraine that ends Russia’s war against the neighboring country while spurring the expansion of the US-led NATO military alliance. also addresses.

When Chinese President Xi Jinping spoke with US counterpart Joe Biden on Friday, the Chinese foreign ministry cited its leader as offering a dual approach to not only ending the war, but addressing those core concerns. What he sees as helping both China and Russia in Stoke. The conflict started a month ago by Russian President Vladimir Putin.

During the much-anticipated talks, Xi said, “All sides need to jointly support Russia and Ukraine for dialogue and dialogue that will produce results and lead to peace.” “The US and NATO should also engage with Russia to address the root of the Ukraine crisis and reduce the security concerns of both Russia and Ukraine.”

asked on Wednesday by newsweek Regarding Beijing’s ideal outcome for ending the ongoing hostilities, Chinese embassy spokesman Liu Pengyu said in a virtual press briefing that “immediate consequences” should be “to resolve the crisis”, as we must address the damage quickly. We have to stop soon because we don’t want the situation to escalate to such an extent that we cannot control.”

“This crisis should be resolved through dialogue in a way that the two sides are getting in the middle of through talks,” Liu said.

“They have their own concerns,” he said. “If the concerns are allayed, I think they can put an end to military action, and then they go back to the negotiating table, like what was done many years ago during the Minsk-II agreement So I think this will be the roadmap for the solution.”

In the longer term, however, when it comes to the outstanding issues regarding NATO’s post-Cold War expansion and the growing US military activity in Eastern Europe and elsewhere, including the Asia-Pacific region near both Russia and China, Liu noted. Said “this concern should be addressed” too.

Chinese President Xi Jinping is in a critical position as he recently spoke in direct talks with both Moscow and Washington about Beijing’s position on the ongoing crisis in Ukraine. Above, tea is served to Xi at the opening session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference at the Great Hall of the People on March 4, 2022 in Beijing.
Kevin Fryer / Getty Images

Liu said, “China stands for peace, the importance of the law and the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries, including Ukraine, should be respected and supported. The purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter should also be jointly upheld.” ” “At the same time, Ukraine is a complication in the history of the issue and the legitimate security demands of every party, including Russia, must be taken seriously.”

And while Liu said China was ready to play a supporting role in the ongoing talks between Russia and Ukraine, he said it was up to the US and NATO to make decisions to help end the war as well.

“The key to solving this crisis lies with NATO and the United States, not China,” Liu said. “But anyway, as I said, China is already making efforts to promote those dialogues. So we encourage the US, the members of NATO, everyone to join the peace talks and engage in dialogue. What is currently going on between Russia and Ukraine.”

China has long voiced opposition to NATO expansion, a stance encoded in a joint statement issued after Xi and Putin’s summit earlier last month at the start of the Winter Olympic Games in Beijing, which will take place in Ukraine. The Russian incursion ended just a day before it began.

While Beijing’s negative views of NATO date back decades, including the notable 1999 incident in which the US bombed China’s embassy in Belgrade as part of an allied campaign against Yugoslavia, three people were killed and at least 20 others were injured, raising concerns of the block’s expansion. In recent years when Washington shifted its focus to the Asia-Pacific region.

Here, the US has forged a new alliance with Australia and the United Kingdom and expanded cooperation with another alliance known as the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue which also includes Australia, India and Japan.

Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Le Yucheng linked the two issues during an address on Saturday, a day after Biden and Xi’s talks, at a security forum hosted by Tsinghua University’s International Security and Strategy Center in Beijing, where he said “The root cause of the “war in Ukraine” lies in the Cold War mentality and power politics.

“First, one should not take their absolute security for granted,” Le said. “As NATO promised then, it should not go back on its word and push its border east. The pursuit of absolute security actually leads to complete insecurity.”

“Second, faction politics and group confrontation must be rejected,” he continued. “The military bloc is the mark of the Cold War. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union, NATO should have been handed down in history with the Warsaw Pact. However, instead of breaking up, NATO has continued to strengthen and expand.”

Close to China’s own borders, he called the Quad’s “Indo-Pacific strategy” in particular, warning such moves to “inflame trouble, close and put together special small circles or groups, and keep the region afloat.” fragmentation and led to a block-based split, “something he argued” is as dangerous as the NATO strategy of eastward expansion in Europe.

“If allowed to go unchecked, it will lead to unimaginable consequences, and eventually push the Asia-Pacific to the edge of the abyss,” warned Ley.

The conflict in Ukraine stemmed from unsuccessful talks between the US and its NATO allies and Russia over future Eastern European security as Putin sought to withdraw the Western Bloc’s military presence and activities, which were in former Soviet territory. Was. effect, while at the same time building up troops near the borders of Ukraine.

Since the start of the war, NATO has only doubled down on its military aid to Ukraine and the deployment of troops and equipment to the East Coast.

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg announced on Wednesday that multinational war groups had been formed in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland in 2014, when pro-Moscow separatists first revolted in eastern Ukraine and Russia opened a political uprising. Beech had occupied the Crimean peninsula, who came to power. The West Government in Kyiv will also be expanded to include Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia.

The US and its allies have also raised an international wave of sweeping sanctions against Russia, a campaign China has refused to join, citing its opposition to economic coercion measures.

Washington’s standoff with Beijing comes after relations soured over other issues, including US allegations that China has committed human rights abuses and repression in Hong Kong, Tibet and Xinjiang, and aggravated US ties with Taiwan, A self-governing island claimed by Beijing but backed by Washington. These areas of contention, particularly over Taiwan, featured prominently in Chinese readouts of talks in Rome between Biden and Xi and White House National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan and Chinese Foreign Affairs Commission director Yang Jiechi, but US accounts were largely absent. ,

Speaking during Wednesday’s press briefing, Liu said there was no direct link between the positions in Taiwan and Ukraine, but China’s position was firm on both.

“China’s position on the Taiwan issue has not changed, and we always request that the US administration follow the one China policy, whether there is a Ukraine crisis or not,” Liu said. “So it should not be linked to the Ukraine crisis.”

And on sanctions, he said that “we strongly oppose the ban, whether there is a Taiwan issue, or it is Ukraine in crisis”, citing Beijing’s own experience with such sanctions.

“We’ve got many, many, I mean, countless sanctions imposed by the US side, already we have 1,000 units on the sanctions list in the US administration,” Liu said. “So, I mean, our position is very clear. We oppose sanctions because sanctions can’t solve the problem.”

America, Soldier, Poland, Near, Ukraine, Border
NATO expansion has been a main concern of Russia for decades and has troubled China as well as an eye on similar escalating US military moves in the Asia-Pacific. Above, a US paratrooper assigned to the 3rd Brigade Combat Team, a Polish soldier assigned to the 82nd Airborne Division and the 18th Mechanized Division scans his areas and security during a combined arms live-fire exercise in Nowa Deba, Poland which is about 100 miles away. Border with Ukraine on March 17, 2022.
Sergeant Claudia Nix / 82nd Airborne Division / US Marine Corps

The Biden administration has threatened Beijing with unspecified “consequences” should it move to support Moscow economically or militarily, a threat the US leader detailed during his phone call to Xi.

State Department spokesman Ned Price reiterated the warning during a press conference on Wednesday.

Referring to earlier warnings by Sullivan, Price said US officials would be “watching closely” and insisted “on the part of the PRC to help Russia avoid the worst consequences of economic and financial measures”. Any attempt on the part of the PRC that is imposed on the international community will be a matter of great concern and will have dire consequences.”

However, he acknowledged that “we have not seen any indication that the PRC has provided that support.”

And while Price said that the Biden administration felt it was “irresponsible” to China over Russia’s concerns about biological research facilities tied to the US, which Moscow has accused is not using biological or chemical weapons. a claim by Washington outright rejected, he also acknowledged that China and Russia enjoy a unique bond that the US was not in place to break.

“The PRC and Russia have a relationship that is certainly different from our relationship with Russia or the relationship most countries around the world have with Russia,” Price said. “This is not to tell any country how its relations with Russia or the PRC or any other country look.”

Instead, he said, “it is up to us very clearly to make decisions that will impact our national security, on the safety and security of our allies and partners, including our NATO allies.”

Liu said on Wednesday that China had neither sought military support nor was it willing to provide it.

“Russia has not sought China’s military support, and we have not provided military assistance to any parties concerned,” Liu said. “And I don’t think the situation will change in the future because at the beginning of this crisis we did not agree with the US sending weapons to Ukraine.”

What Beijing is sending, Liu said, is humanitarian aid to Ukraine, including food, infant formula and sleeping bags as part of a six-point initiative launched earlier by Chinese authorities to address the crisis. Is.

Now, he argued, it was up to the US and others to take serious steps to support a diplomatic solution to a conflict he said China also stands against.

“We oppose war,” Liu said. “This is the basic situation and the second situation is, as I said, we have to stop the damage as soon as possible before it is too late. That is why we are calling on all parties to get involved immediately. Negotiating peace talks.”

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