Not all CBDs are created equal. The quality of the CBD product starts with the seed, the cannabis plant moves towards the growing method and ends with the extraction method. Finding a high quality CBD product that you can count on will leave you with a few things, one of which is the method used for your CBD product.
The growing popularity of CBD has always been growing as its potential benefits have become more mainstream. CBD is formulated into a variety of products – edibles, topicals and oils – each offering a different form of comfort.
Knowing where your product came from and how it is made will give you a better idea of what CBD products will do for you. Quality, purity and strength all depend on the method of extraction. So let’s break down what you should look for:
What is CBD Extract?
First, let’s explain what CBD extract actually is. CBD, also called cannabidiol, is one of the many natural compounds found in hemp and hemp sativa plants. CBD extract refers to the process and form that is extracted from a plant after the discovery of cannabinoids. In addition to considering the extraction process, we also need to consider the different spectra of CBD that can result in: broad spectrum, full spectrum and isolation. A CBD extract, in simple terms, is extracted from hemp and hemp sativa plants, then it is made into usable or usable products.
Why should we get fired?
Extracts must be made to make usable CBD products.. When CBD is extracted from hemp and hemp plants, it is in the form of concentration, which is effective for human consumption. This concentrated extract is only useful because of the deckerboxlet process (heat applied). When cannabinoids are ingested through a capsule, food or oil, our bodies need decarboxylation to absorb the active ingredients. Dried hemp and hemp, on the other hand, can partially decarboxylate, and if smoked (aka, hot), the cannabinoids become completely decarboxylated.
Three common methods of extraction
- Extraction of carbon dioxide (CO2) Today, CO2 extraction has become the most popular, efficient and reliable method of extraction for CBD companies. Extremely important CO2 is used in CO2 extraction to separate CBD from plant material. Supercritical CO2 refers to carbon dioxide which is between the gas and the liquid state. This extraction method involves multiple pressure chambers that flush and pump CO2, revealing very high pressures and low temperatures resulting in the extraction of more oil into the CBD. During this process, CO2 is pumped from the first chamber to the second, containing the hemp plant, which is then exposed to supercritical CO2. This exposure breaks down the contents of the hemp plant, causing the oil to separate. From there, CO2 and oil enter the third chamber together. The gas form then evaporates, and can be prepared into a variety of products with the exception of one extract of pure CBD oil.. This method of extraction can produce permanently high concentration CBD in which no toxins remain.
- Steam Distillation – Steam distillation is a tried and true method of extracting CBD. This method consists of a ‘plant material’ distillation tank with an inlet and an outlet. The distillation tank is connected to a separate tank containing water which is located at the bottom of the tension tank. The outlet of the distillation tank is connected to a condensing tube which is collected in the collecting flask. For this process, the water in the first tank is heated to boil. The steam then separates the oil vapor containing CBD and travels upwards to the plant material tank. These vapors are trapped in a condensing tube that converts them into oil and water. These liquids are then collected for distillation, separating the CBD oil from the water. Steam extraction is reliable, but may be less effective in extracting specific CBD concentrations and requires more plant material per extraction.
- Solvent Extraction – With a solvent extract, the procedure is similar to steam distillation, but uses a solvent instead of water. Solvent extraction may be more effective than steam extraction, but comes with some risks. It is more natural to use biotin, alcohol, propane or a compound to extract solvents, such as olive oil or ethanol to extract CBD. Plant material is added or soaked with a solvent to remove cannabinoids. The next is the process of evaporation, where the solvent used evaporates and leaves behind the concentration of cannabinoids in the form of oil. With the exception of the use of potentially hazardous and flammable solvents during the process affecting its popularity, the solvent residue cannot be completely evaporated in the final stage. Leaving potential toxins behind in your CBD..
Which method of extraction is best?
Although each extraction method has its advantages and disadvantages, the one that offers the least disadvantages is the CO2 extraction method. Although it may be more expensive for CBD companies, it makes CBD a more reliable and concentrated form. With no toxic residue, high concentration and overall safety of the extraction method, CO2 extraction is the preferred method.
Recently, companies like Tribe CBD have even resorted to more natural extraction methods by extracting lipids. This method uses a natural oil, such as MCT oil, and a highly pressurized environment to extract CBD from plant material. For more information on the unique methods of the tribe, Check it out here.
Bay Area News Group’s news and editorial staff had no role in preparing this post.