Is the Danish king who named Bluetooth buried in Poland?

WIEJKOWO, Poland (AP) — Now in Poland more than 1,000 years after his death, a European king whose surname lives on through wireless technology is at the center of an archaeological controversy.

History of the Middle Ages says that King Harald “Bluetooth” Gormsson of Denmark received his surname courtesy of a tooth, probably dead, that looked blue. A chronicle from the time also states that the Viking king was buried in Roskilde, Denmark, in the late 10th century.

But a Swedish archaeologist and a Polish researcher have recently claimed in separate publications that they have pinpointed their most likely burial site at the village of Wijkowo in a region in north-western Poland, which has been linked to the herald of Vikings in the time. was from

Marek Krida, author of the book “Viking Poland”, told The Associated Press that a “pagan mound” he claims is located beneath Wijkowo’s 19th-century Roman Catholic Church may have been the king’s remains. Krida said geological satellite images available on the Polish government’s portal have revealed a curved shape that resembles a Viking burial mound.

But Swedish archaeologist Sven Rosborn says that the crida is wrong because Harald, who converted from paganism to Christianity and founded churches in the area, may have found a suitable grave somewhere in the churchyard. Vizkovo’s Church of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary stands on top of a small round mound.

Historians at the Danish National Museum in Copenhagen say they are familiar with the “suggestion” that Wijkovo is the Herald’s cemetery.

Rosborne detailed her research in her 2021 book “The Viking King’s Golden Treasure,” and Krida challenges some of the Swede’s findings in her book published this year.

Harald, who died in 985, was probably one of the last Viking kings to rule over what is now Denmark, northern Germany and parts of Sweden and Norway, in Jomsborg – now considered the Polish city of Wolin. He spread Christianity in his kingdom.

Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson named its Bluetooth wireless link technology after King, reflecting how he united Scandinavia during his lifetime. The logo for the technology is designed with the Scandinavian runic letters for the king’s initials, HB.

Rosborn, the former director of Sweden’s Malmö City Museum, was inspired on her discovery in 2014, when an 11-year-old girl asked her opinion about a small, dirty coin-like object with old-looking text that her family had. . for decades.

Experts have determined that the cast gold disc that aroused the curiosity of Maja Sielski dates from the 10th century. The Latin inscription on what is now known as the “Karmson Disc” says: “Harald Gormson (Karmson in Latin) Dane, Scania, Jomsborg, king of the city Aldinburg.”

Sielski’s family, who moved from Poland to Sweden in 1986, said the disc came from a trove found in 1841 in a tomb beneath the Wiejkovo church, which replaced the medieval chapel.

The ielski family came into possession of the disc, together with the Wijkowo parish archives containing medieval parchment histories in Latin, in 1945 as a result of World War II the former German territory becoming part of Poland.

A family member who knew Latin understood the value of the histories—which date back to the 10th century—and translated some of them into Polish. They refer to the Herald, another fact that links the Vizkovo Church to him.

The nearby Baltic Sea island and the city of Volyn cultivate the region’s Viking history: it has a runic stone in honor of Harald Bluetooth and hosts annual festivals of the Slavs and Vikings.

Krida states that the Karmson disc with its meaningful inscription is “unprecedented” and insists that it would be worth it to investigate Vejkovo as the herald’s burial place, but there are no current plans for any excavations.

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