Colin Kahl, The US Under Secretary of Defense for Policy in the Biden administration has warned that four countries stand in the way of eliminating nuclear weapons.
The Pentagon official pointed to nuclear threats posed by Russia, China, North Korea and Iran.
His remarks came as an Iranian opposition group newsweek That Tehran would not abandon its plan to obtain a nuclear bomb, while talks on the country’s nuclear program resumed in Vienna on Friday.
Kahle said Friday that curbing the nuclear arms race is the most challenging since the end of the Cold War.
At the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) review conference in New York, he cited Russia’s rhetoric following the invasion of Ukraine as one of the examples of obstacles to eliminating nuclear weapons.
The NPT is an agreement aimed at preventing the growth of nuclear weapons and promoting cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
According to Kahl, China’s rapid expansion of its nuclear weapons capabilities and the response to a visit by US President Nancy Pelosi to Taipei, which was followed by massive military exercises in the Taiwan Strait, posed another impediment to the NPT’s aspirations. Of.
He also raised alarm over North Korea’s nuclear tests, as well as Iran’s refusal to return to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the 2015 nuclear deal from which former President Donald Trump pulled the US out.
Kahl told the conference Friday that the US “recognizes and reaffirms that nuclear war cannot and should never be fought,” according to a readout of his speech.
He said the declassified versions of the Pentagon’s National Defense Strategy (NDS) and Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) should be made public.
They reveal a commitment to providing a nuclear deterrent for the US and its allies, a push for arms control agreements, and further negotiations between nuclear states to reduce the likelihood of nuclear war.
He added that while the US will “continue to engage with other nuclear armed states to reduce nuclear risk,” there were “realistic expectations” about mitigating risk and providing transparency.
A UN report said North Korea prepared for a nuclear test during the first six months of this year, Reuters reported on Saturday.
UN officials said North Korea was developing the capability to produce fissile material at its major nuclear facility in Yongbyon, amid US warnings that Pyongyang is ready to conduct a seventh nuclear test.
Meanwhile, talks have resumed in Vienna between Iranian and US officials aimed at defending the JCPOA, although a breakthrough is unlikely.
Shaheen Gobdi, a spokesman for the Paris-based People’s Mojahideen Organization of Iran, said Tehran’s regime “will not abandon the project to obtain an atomic bomb,” regardless of the talks.
“Perseverance is needed to prevent a radical and terrorist dictatorship from being armed with nuclear weapons,” Gobadi said. newsweek, “The UN Security Council resolutions must be reinstated, and sweeping sanctions should be imposed on the regime.
“Continuing dialogue … allows the regime to buy time to advance its nuclear project. Negotiations with this regime undermine global peace and security.”
Last month, a video on Iranian state media claimed Tehran could use its nuclear-capable intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), “to turn New York into ruins and hell in case of hostile action by the US”. .
newsweek The defense ministries of China, Russia, Iran and North Korea have been contacted for comment.