Countdown to Election day it is now single-digit, and this year there are some important issues. One of these issues could have ramifications for all mankind: climate change.

“These mid-term elections have a big impact on the climate,” Geoffrey Henderson, a postdoctoral fellow at Duke’s Sanford School of Public Policy, told CBS News.

Clean energy, pollution and the modernization of infrastructure were important aspects of climate policy on the vote. Andrew Pershing, director of climate science for the non-partisan research group Climate Central, told CBS News: “The sooner you act, the more effective it is, the cheaper it is and the more benefits you get.”

“While the scientific consensus on climate change has been really well known for decades, we didn’t really have it,” he said. “So each year that we are out of business just means the world is more expensive and, frankly, more dangerous for a lot of people.”

Most Americans are concerned about climate change but mistakenly believe that most of their neighbors are not. These misconceptions can have real consequences, such as being silent and inactive about the climate.

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Henderson said that “at first glance, climate is a global problem.”

“We usually think of dealing with the climate on a large scale,” he said. “… So the question is, what can cities that have a significant impact do?”

CBS News found very few local and state measures in a vote this year to address climate and environmental issues. For Henderson, only two stood out: California’s Proposition 30 and New York’s Clean Water, Clean Air and Green Jobs Environmental Act.

“There are many state and local choices that focus on the environment, but largely on things like preserving forests and other habitats, and allocating spaces for parks,” said Henderson. “These two [California and New York] they’re the two that really stand out, next to Rhode Island, which has an important, slightly smaller, center of adaptation. But these are the two that really stand out in terms of width and depth. ”

California – Proposal 30

A recent Bloomberg report found that the country’s most populous state, California, is on track to become a fourth largest economy in the world. This growth makes it Tip 30 all the more significant. According to Ballotpedia, if adopted, it will increase personal income tax above $ 2 million by 1.75%.

According to Legislative Analyst’s Office, a non-party fiscal and political advisor, the tax would be introduced in January and would be in force until January 2043. However, if the state manages to cut state-wide greenhouse gas emissions below a certain threshold earlier, the tax could be cut sooner.

Los Angeles annual mean temperature projections under conditions of significant emission reductions or continuous emissions.

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If passed, tax is assessed bring from $ 3.5 billion to $ 5 billion every year. This revenue would be broken down in three ways: 45% to help individuals, businesses and governments purchase new, zero-emission vehicles; 35% to help with electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure such as charging stations; 20% was spent on responding to fires and preventing fires.

Henderson noted that at least half of the money for electric vehicles would go to low-income communities, which is “really important” for the transition to clean energy vehicles.

But this measure does divided Democrats, and is opposed by Governor Gavin Newsom, who said it was a subsidy to driving companies. The California Teachers’ Association too spoken against the measure, saying it “undermines the funding of public education, healthcare, seniors and other basic services.”

Ride-sharing companies are already committed to launch electrification of California fleets in 2023.

New York – Clean Water, Clean Air, and Green Works Act on Environmental Bonds

This measure is the only voting proposal in New York State this year. It has already won state legislature approvaland if voters agreed, it would allow the state to sell bonds and borrow them to $ 4.2 billion for projects to “reduce the impact of climate change”.

Of this money, at least $ 1.1 billion would go to rebuild and reduce the risk of flooding; up to $ 1.5 billion would be allocated to mitigating climate change; up to $ 650 million would go to land conservation and restoration; and at least another $ 650 million would go to improving water quality and resilient infrastructure. The state would also be able to repay its debt in the event of a reduction in interest rates.

There is no list of designs carved in stone yet, but Vote noted that the proposal could deliver green building projects, clean energy in low-income residential areas, zero-emission school buses and other projects that help reduce city heat. Henderson said about 35% of the funding will go to communities that are exposed to environmental risks and / or those that have been socioeconomically marginalized.

According Gothamist the news site, there was no significant opposition to this proposal apart from the New York State Conservative Party, which argued against incurring further debts.

Rhode Island – Question 3, a bond for the green economy

The Rhode Island center would issue $ 50 million in bonds for environmental programs and recreational areas. By state Department of Environmental Managementwould invest in green energy, climate resilience, water quality and more.

The money from the proposal would be used for a variety of environmental and climate initiatives, including $ 16 million to help communities improve coastal habitats, flood plains and infrastructure; $ 12 million for a carbon neutral education center and event pavilion at Roger Williams Park and Zoo; $ 5 million to help small businesses implement clean energy projects, $ 6 million to rebuild Narragansett Bay and its watershed, and restore forests and habitats; and $ 4 million to clean up former industrial sites.

CBS News has found no significant public opposition comment on the measure, and no organized opposition is cited Vote.

Other local measures

While these are the most important voting resources that CBS News has found, many more await us next week. To name a few: Denver will vote on how to spend the funds that have been specially raised to fight climate change, Florida decides whether to offer tax credits to homeowners who will make their properties more flood-proof, and Louisiana will consider allowing municipalities to exempt water charges for customers who fall victim to infrastructure damage.

Additionally, Henderson said, “There may be many choices that don’t mention climate explicitly, but still have important implications for it.”

Pershing and Henderson told CBS News that while national and international actors may have a wider impact, local action matters – at a time when experts say action is ever more urgent.

Last week, the United Nations warned that the planet was on the right track 2.8 degrees Celsius warming in less than 80 years because nations do not meet reduction plans greenhouse gas emissions.

“The changes we’ve seen – more extreme heat, more fires, risk of drought, risk of flooding, all of these things – are not only ongoing but are getting worse,” Pershing said. “… Every degree we can change matters.”

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