the study, Released on Monday. Through the university’s Aurang and Bailing Institute, it provides separate rankings for the four most common ethnic groups in the region: white, black, Latin, and Asian, up to the census level in the neighborhoods.
It found that eight of the 10 most isolated white neighborhoods are in Marine County, which researchers have identified as a whole. Bay Area’s most isolated county.. The other two neighborhoods were in Los Gatos.
The most integrated cities, according to the study, are Rohnart Park, Windsor, Petaloma, Penol, Swiss City and Cloverdale.
The researchers found that larger, more diverse cities, such as Oakland, have more neighborhood segregation, while most white suburbs are more segregated than the rest of the region.
Of the cities with a population of at least 10,000, Auckland has the largest number of black neighborhoods میک the Oak Knoll-Golf Links area around MacArthur Boulevard and 82nd Avenue, the Acorn neighborhood around Adeline, and 8. 1st Street, the area around MacArthur Boulevard and 98th Avenue, the area around Mandela Parkway and 8th Street, the lower part of West Auckland, and part of the Millsment neighborhood in East Auckland, Majestic Avenue and Outlook Avenue. Around.
According to the institute, “Although Oakland’s black population has declined significantly since 2010, it is still one of the most diverse places in the Bay Area, if not the country.” “Ethnic residential segregation is stuck there, which has profound consequences for people of color and their livelihoods,” he said.
The two San Francisco neighborhoods also made separate blacklist lists – around Hunters Point Boulevard and 19th Avenue. The other 10 black neighborhoods include Sycamore Drive and San Quentin in the L Street Area and Marine County.
Half of the most isolated Latin neighborhoods were also in Auckland, including around 98th and Cherry Avenue, Birch Street and 88th Avenue, 73rd Avenue and part of the Arrow View neighborhood of Holy Street, around Bancroft Avenue and 82nd Avenue. Area, and around Hillside Street and 76th Avenue.
The most isolated Spanish neighborhood in the Bay Area is the San Raphael Canal. According to researchers, this neighborhood is more Spanish than 90 His, “a very large concentration for a very white county”.
Two Richmond neighborhoods – the Building Woods and Nestrum Village neighborhoods – and one in Central Galloway were also added to the list.
San Francisco and Auckland’s Chinatown Bay Area were among the most isolated Asian neighborhoods, although suburban cities made the list. Half of the most isolated neighborhoods were in Fremont, which has seen demographic change since 2010, when the most isolated Asian neighborhoods were spread across Almeida, San Francisco and Santa Clara counties.
Today, Almeida County has six “very different” Asian neighborhoods, one in Napa County, two in San Francisco and one in Conte Costa County’s San Ramon.
In addition to Maran County, the other isolated white neighborhoods were in Los Gatos – the area of Lexington Hills and the area around Kennedy Road and Los Gatos Boulevard.
East Palo Alto tops the list of the most isolated cities in the wider region.
Located on the other side of Highway 101 from Palo Alto in Santa Clara County, East Palo Alto in San Mateo County was historically a black community because of the red lining and racial discrimination where black families could live. It is still 10% black but has become a Latin majority and, like San Pablo, Gloria and Richmond, it stands as a city with more blacks and Latinos than the region.
In contrast, San Anselmo, Mill Valley, Tibrone, Los Gatos, Lafayette, Orenda, Clayton, and Piedmont are highly segregated with approximately 60% white population, which is 40% white overall. In most of these cities, the black population is less than 1%.
The three Bay Area counties – Marin, Napa and Sonoma – were more isolated in 2020 than in the previous decade. But the study found that while seven of the nine counties in the Bay Area became more segregated in 2020 than in 1980 or 1990, residential segregation in the area peaked in 2000 and has declined since then. Is.
“We knew Marin was the most isolated county, but we didn’t expect it to get any worse,” said Stephen Menandin, assistant director of the institute and one of the researchers analyzing the data. ” “I think it’s mainly because Marin is a very white county with a very black community and a very Hispanic community. When it comes to development, it’s very excluded. They have green space protection laws, Anti-Development, Extreme Exclusion Zoning – It focuses on a handful of non-white people in the census.
In general, the most isolated cities in the Bay Area are places where people of color are allowed to live when they move out of another area or that are too white, “out” places such as small suburbs and Towns of Marine County. The most integrated cities are those where people of different races have settled over time and where exclusion mechanisms such as single family zoning were less common or non-existent.
The researchers found. In preliminary studies About 80 percent of Bay Area residential property is zoned for single-family homes. Neighbors confined to single-family homes are more likely to be white than communities with apartments and houses.
Although the state and several cities have recently taken steps to reduce single-family zoning, Menandin said residents in the Bay Area alone would not reduce segregation.
“It should also be about building affordable housing,” he said.