The plight after the Yazidi genocide—eight years after serious challenges

August 3 marks the eighth anniversary of the Yazidi genocide. Genocide, perpetrated by ISIS and formally recognized United Nations, United States of america, European ParliamentAnd other bodies include mass executions, a codified system of slavery, gang rape, and nearly every crime imaginable against the Yazidi people, an ethno-religious group indigenous to northern Iraq.

Surprisingly, the condition of the Yazidis is worse than last year. In Sinjar, the ancestral Yazidi homeland, external and local forces have contributed to increasing instability. Militia and their allies hold different agendas for control of Sinjar, which is geopolitically involved in northeastern Syria, federal Iraq, Iraq’s Kurdistan region and the mountains where Turkey and the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) have been fighting for decades. Bridges important areas. Provincial, regional and national decision-makers in Iraq have demonstrated an inability to address governance and security issues, which have stalled. singer pact Tried and failed to address. This has left Yazidis in limbo, losing hope of their recovery, reconstruction or return for internally displaced persons (IDPs).

turkey

Turkey has played and continues to play a highly destabilizing role in Syria and Iraq. Turkish-backed militias continue in Afrin, Syria ethnic cleansing Against Yazidi and others. afreen It is now a haven for extremist terrorist groups. Turkey also threatened Military Operations in Northeast SyriaUS-led coalition allies in northeastern Syria, which could result in a resurgence of ISIS and prison breaks. ISIS leaders al-Baghdadi and al-Quraishi were both discovered and targeted hiding on the Turkish borderwhere they clearly felt most comfortable.

In Iraq, Turkey has established 100 military posts And there are five major bases throughout the north, including one meter from the Yazidi-majority city of Bashiqa. Turkish Air Force Regular Bomb Yazidi Massacre Survived in Sinjaro, apparently to fight against his PKK enemies. last month Turkey bombs Kurdish-majority Zakhos city, killing and injuring many civilians. This time the Iraqi authorities reacted strongly. As for the Yazidis, it is difficult to understand why the Yazidis died in Sinjar, including the murder of one. 8 year old child In June, a similar response was never met—another example of the unequal treatment of Yazidis in Iraq.

Iraq

Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) concluded the Sinjar Agreement, which was designed to resolve tensions in Sinjar. One could argue that it has achieved the opposite effect. and currently with Iraqi domestic politics chaos in BaghdadWith the focus on other issues, there is no solution coming out anytime soon. Meanwhile, on the ground in Sinjar, militias compete for control, including those backed by Iran. This is a complicated situation.

Thousands of Yazidis fought against ISIS in Sinjar to defend their homeland, forming various groups including Sinjar Resistance Units (YBS). singer pact Logically argues that the militia should not remain in Sinjar. However, it appears that it was designed to target YBS without considering any disarmament, demilitarization, and reunification plan or the aftermath of the Yazidis genocide. Any equitable solution cannot involve the killing of survivors of the Yazidi genocide who are native to Sinjar. The Yazidis, which have been armed in 2014, including the YBS, should be fully integrated into Iraq’s security infrastructure and create a non-political force capable of defending the region. And many Yazidis have made it clear that the PKK should not choose Sinjar as the location for its activities – Sinjar’s residents deserve peace and stability, not conflict.

Women stand through the door of a tent shelter equipped with air-conditioning at a camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs) of Iraq’s Yazidi minority in the Sharya region, about 15 kilometers from the northern city of Dohuk on August 30, 2019.
Zaid al-Obeidi / AFP via Getty Images

justice

Eight years after the widely publicized massacre, one can assume that there have been hundreds of indictments and harsh sentences. Not so. While we appreciate the work of the UN investigative body, unitaid, and the War Crimes Prosecution Office, accountability is moving very slowly. If Turkey strikes northeast Syria again, ISIS prison breaks More likely, further reducing the chances of justice.

Foreign states have largely avoided the pursuit of meaningful accountability for their citizens Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), ISIS criminals Europe rarely faces accountability for human rights violations-More often receiving the punishment of being slapped on the wrist for joining a banned terrorist organization. The crime of genocide cannot be spared in the 21st century. The entire international community has failed in this matter. If a European joins ISIS, buys a child in the slave market, rapes her, acts as a foreign fighter, and returns home to the West, terrorism is not his only crime. Charges of crimes against Yazidis must be brought to all appropriate courts.

Going forward

The crises in Ukraine and Afghanistan have demanded world attention, resources and support. But we must not forget other areas of concern. We call on the international community to support accountability and help Yazidis return safely to their homes, or if this is not possible, to accept them as refugees.

For the Yezidis, the United States is the most important international actor. America first came to our rescue in 2014, and our community is forever grateful. US strategic, diplomatic and security leadership is essential and irreplaceable. Iraq and Syria are fragile and vulnerable to slipping back, which could lead to a long and costly partnership. We urge our American and European friends to stay active, continue the fight against ISIS, and ensure that minority protection remains a top pillar of foreign policy.

Yazidis lived in large numbers in Turkey, Syria and Iraq. We call our land Azidkhan – the land of the Yazidis. our community was destroyed in turkey Many years ago. Yezidis are in themselves Last days of existence in Syria, The future in Iraq does not look promising, ISIS’s campaign to eliminate the Yazidis must not be allowed to succeed. To prevent this from happening, Iraq, including the Kurdistan region, and the international community must pay serious attention to the plight of our people.

Pari Ibrahim is the Founder and Executive Director Free Yezidi Foundation,

Murad Ismail. is the chairman and co-founder of Sinjar Academy and . co-founder of yazda,

The views expressed in this article are those of the authors.

To participate in this year’s virtual Yazidi Genocide Commemoration event on August 3, click here,

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