Traditional clothing and suits were the choice of the VP candidates in the second debate: Indonesia

Jakarta – The three vice presidential candidates appeared in different outfits in the second debate for the 2024 election held at the Jakarta Convention Center (JCCC) Convention Hall on Friday night.

Around 19:00 WIB, the presidential candidates (capres) and their vice presidential candidates (cawapres) entered the debate area one by one, starting with cawapres number 1 Muhaimin Iskandar with presidential candidate Anies Baswedan, followed by cawapres number 2 Gibran Rakabuming Raka with the presidential candidates Prabowo Subianto and number 3 vice presidential candidate Mahfud Md with presidential candidate Ganjar Pranowo.

Muhaimin Iskandar, in the same vein as Anies Baswedan, wore a black suit with a cap and no tie. The jackets they were wearing were emblazoned with the acronym AMIN, which comes from the names of both candidates.

The clothes of Muhaimin Iskandar and Anies Baswedan were the same as what they wore in the first debate held on 12 December.

In addition, the vice-presidential candidate Gibran Rakabuming Raka and the presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto wore light blue shirts, relatively the same as the ones they wore in the first debate a few weeks ago.

Gibran rolled up his sleeves past his elbows, while Prabowo kept his sleeves down to his wrists.

Meanwhile, Mahfud Md and Ganjar Pranowo looked different than before. Mahfud Md wore traditional Madurese clothing known as Pesa'an while Ganjar chose clothing such as the traditional clothing of the Rote tribe, East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) with a woven hat.

They came up with a choice of clothes from the previous debate, namely white shirts with graffiti accents and doodles.

The Indonesian General Election Commission (KPU) has named three pairs of presidential and vice presidential candidates participating in the 2024 presidential and vice presidential elections (Pilpres) on Monday, December 13, 2023. The results of the serial number draw a day later determined Anies Baswedan-Muhaimin Iskandar serial number 1, Prabowo Subianto-Gibran Rakabuming Raka serial number 2 and Ganjar Pranowo-Mahfud Md serial number 3.

After the first debate between the presidential candidates on Tuesday (12/12), the KPU held a second debate involving the three vice presidential candidates in Jakarta on Friday (22/12).

The topic of the second debate covers the people's economy, digital economy, finance, investment, taxes, trade, management of APBN and APBD, infrastructure and cities.

Why are Chinese money laundering gangs growing in the Northern Shan region?

2023 UWSA's “W” Unit arrests Chinese nationals who are involved in online fraud gangs in the “W” Autonomous Region. While being transported across the border to China on September 7.

Citizen journalist “Wa” and Kokang authorities statement. More than 40,000 Chinese nationals linked to online money laundering gangs were arrested and deported from the Northern Shan region in the three months from early September 2023 to December 15, 2023, according to a statement by the Military Council and China's Security Department.

According to the announcement of the military council on December 15, 12,048 Chinese citizens linked to online money laundering gangs in the Northern Shan region were arrested and deported from October 31, 2023 to December 15, 2023. Most of the Chinese nationals who were sent back later are from the Kokang area and these arrests have been occurring in the “Wa” area since the beginning of September.

On September 6 and 7, the UWSA “Wa” unit arrested more than a thousand Chinese nationals associated with online money fraud gangs in the “Wa” area and immediately handed them over the border to the Chinese police.

“Both China and Myanmar responsible for growth of online money laundering gangs”

China's Ministry of Public Security announced on November 21 that it had taken over 31,000 Chinese nationals linked to online fraud gangs in northern Myanmar. Those behind the money laundering gangs, 63 main recruiters and 1,531 Chinese refugees are said to be involved.

According to these reports, between early September and mid-December, an average of more than 40,000 Chinese nationals were arrested and deported in connection with online money laundering gangs.

Political analyst U Than Soe Naing, who has lived on the Sino-Myanmar border for a long time, said that these tens of thousands of Chinese nationals are able to commit crimes on Burmese territory because of the self-serving bribery of local authorities under the Military Council.

“Particularly obvious is the vested interest of the local authorities at various levels of the Military Council in relation to these operations. Under such conditions, they are expanding widely. These things cannot be controlled, and when the Chinese side intervenes, they must not destroy their relationship with China. In order for the Military Council to maintain his support and encouragement, she pretended to take action against the money laundering gangs later.”

Dr. Aung Myo, a political analyst, told RFA that the inability to crack down on online fraud in the border region is a natural thing, so officials do not need to worry too much.

“Especially the socio-economic life of countries. It is also related to systems. Because of this, national governments will not always disappear, but will appear for the rest of their lives. To suppress it, I think that is the law of nature and I would like to say that all authorities should not feel too much.'

In Lauk Kai, Kokang District, there is the Regional Headquarters of the Military Council (DAK), under which the 125th Infantry Regiment (Khon Khoo) falls; No. (127) Infantry Regiment (Gongko-Komlong); No. (128) Infantry Regiment (Pasin Kyaw); No. (129) Infantry Regiment (Chin Shwe Hall), No. (239) Infantry Battalion (Na Li-Lok Kai); No. (312) Infantry Regiment (Quantong); (322) Infantry Battalion (Lok Kai) is housed in several battalions.

In addition to these regimental forces, the General Office of the Military Council, There are also immigration offices. Under these circumstances, RFA called General Zaw Min Tun, the spokesman of the Military Council, to find out why so many Chinese nationals could enter the Kokang region and operate online money laundering gangs, but he did not pick up the phone.

On December 5, General Zaw Min Tun said through the Military Council media that he does not accept work that harms the interests of neighboring countries by using Myanmar's territory.

“Stability and peace in the border area, the rule of law I would like to say that the People's Republic of China and Myanmar are closely cooperating in the field of security. The policy we have towards our neighbors is our territory, Work that will harm the interests of the neighboring country by using the territory of Myanmar. They gave we are clear that we absolutely do not accept activities that harm the security of neighboring countries.”

Recently arrested in the Northern Shan region. Among those for whom arrest warrants have been issued are Myi Shouk Chan, former Strong Development Party MPs such as Pa Sotcham and U Maung Maung (b) Lyokinchee, Kokang militia leaders, officials of the Border Guard Supervisory Committee and leading businessmen involved.

RFA tried to contact Kokang regional leadership officials over the matter by phone but could not be contacted.

Tens of thousands of Chinese citizens live illegally in Myanmar along the China-Myanmar border. Chinese political analyst Dr. Hla Kyaw Zao said both China and Myanmar are responsible for the rise of online fraud gangs over the years.

“Everyone has a responsibility. China is not going to control its borders very well with its control policies. I think there are leaks in some places. They are coming out of those holes. As for Burma, don't say anything. No law. When you get the money, you do it. I think that's why I'm entering. So because it's illegal, I think these cases are increasing every time they want to increase. That's why they go to China a lot “So that's why. Everyone is responsible. Not just one person.”

RFA emailed the Chinese embassy in Yangon to ask why tens of thousands of Chinese nationals have been able to cross the border and enter Myanmar for so long and what measures will be taken against those arrested and returned, but received no reply.

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said at the Mekong-Lanchang Conference on December 8 that he will work closely with Mekong countries to crack down on online money laundering and Myanmar's instability across the border.

In this situation, he settled in Tachile Township in eastern Shan State and engaged in online sex (Sex Chat). On December 18, China's Ministry of Public Security announced that Sun, the leader of the extortion group, had been arrested from Myanmar and handed over to China.

Despite continuous arrests of online money laundering gangs in the North Shan “Wa” region and Kokang region, local residents have frequently contacted RFA that online money laundering gangs led by Chinese nationals are still growing uncontrollably in the Myawati Shwekukko area, which is controlled by the Karen armed group DKBA and Tachileik on the Thai-Myanmar border.

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