Recent polls in America hotly contested mid-term elections closed at 1am ET on Wednesday in Alaska. But there are still races to be named.

From the beginning of Wednesday, CBS New predicted that control over The Senate remained tossed, with five contests yet to be named: Arizona, Georgia, Nevada, Wisconsin, and Alaska. CBS News predicted that the House would control in the meantime the Republican leaned forward but a few key races have not been announced.

There are many reasons why ballots may take longer to count in some states. Here is a breakdown of some battlefield states and their rules for counting ballots:

Arizona

Arizona the law has allowed postal voting for over two decades, with roughly 80% of voters in the state by choosing to vote by post. In Arizona, counties use tamper-proof envelopes to send ballots. Post-mail ballots are authenticated through a signature verification process by trained election officials, and the voter is contacted if the signature on the e-mail statement does not match the signature on the registration register. Processing and counting of ballots by mail in Arizona may begin upon receipt, but results may not be published until all police stations report or one hour after voting close on election day. Early disclosure of information is a criminal offense in Arizona. Automatic conversion is triggered if the margin of votes for two candidates or the act to vote is less than or equal to 0.5%. In this state, you cannot ask for conversions.

Georgia

In Georgia, verification of the signature on the ballot papers by mail may be carried out upon receipt, and further processing may begin at 8 am on the third Monday before election day. Counting can start at 7am ET on election day. In Georgia, the losing candidate may request a recalculation when the results are within 0.5% of all votes cast for the office.

The state automatically moves to the second round of the election if no candidate wins 50% of the vote. At the beginning of Wednesday, Georgia’s deputy secretary of state, Gabriel Sterling, tweeted that it was “safe to say” that the elections in Georgia would lead to a second round of elections. The state has not yet issued an official announcement.

Nevada

Among The Covid-19 pandemic in 2020, Nevada switched to a system where all registered voters receive their ballots by mail. In 2021, Nevada’s democratic legislature solidified the change, making it permanent. The signature may be verified after receiving the ballot papers by post. Counting may start 15 days before election day and counting must be completed one week after the election. The results may not be announced until the end of voting. In Nevada, recalculation can be requested within three business days from the county or state canvas. Requests must be processed within 10 days of submitting the request and no margin is required. Costs incurred by the applicant may be reimbursed if the recalculation changes the result of the elections in his favor.

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania prohibits counties from starting to process ballot papers by post until 7 a.m. on election day – a serious challenge after 2019, when the state radically expanded access to absentee voting. While the counties of Pennsylvania are regularly asking for a legislative change to allow pre-processing of ballots, the legislature and governor still do not allow it, resulting in delays. While election officials expect results earlier than 2020, Acting Secretary of State Leigh Chapman has warned that it could take days – especially if the races are fierce. Pennsylvania law requires automatic recounting of votes when the state wide margin for office or voting is less than or equal to 0.5% of the total vote. Recalculation can be requested within five days of the election and no margin is required.

Wisconsin

Under Wisconsin by law, counties cannot begin processing and counting ballots until elections begin at 7 am on Election Day. By Thursday morning nearly 600,000 absent ballots had been returned across Wisconsin. according to the Wisconsin Election Commission. There is no automatic conversion in Wisconsin, but a losing candidate within 1% of the winner, with a minimum of 4,000 votes cast, may request a re-conversion.

Alaska

Polls in Alaska close last, so results from the last border are always late. But the state made its debut ranked vote this year, and the Election Division counts only first-place votes this week, according to Public Media in Alaska. The second-choice rankings will be summed up on November 23, the same day that the ballots are to be submitted from abroad.

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