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You get a bear. Your next step is very important. Do you know what to do

By Forest Brown | CNN

You are out for a wonderful autumn day hike. Suddenly, you see a bear. And the bear has seen you too. Do you know what to do next?

Bait Pratt will definitely do it.

She was once on the Old Gardner Road trail in Yellowstone National Park, enjoying her race in the wild. Her anger subsided when she came upon a roaring bear while eating flowers.

“I stopped. He stood on his hind legs and looked at me. I knew it was not a threatening gesture. CNN Travel.. “I’m not kidding. He waved his paw at me as if to say, ‘Just go your way, and go back to eat.’ ‘

“And I walked slowly and covered some distance between us, and the encounter ended well.”

When it comes to dealing with bears, Pratt says almost all of us have one or two things.

She is the California Regional Executive Director for the National Wildlife Federation, a position she has held for over 10 years. He also worked at Yellowstone for many years – and once saw nine churches there in one day.

He is the author. “When Mountain Lions Are Neighbors” Which shows how people can live with wildlife in California. And there is only one chapter on a bear.

Finally, she lives on the border of Yosemite National Park, and the bear will pass through her yard, as seen in the footage above in late September.

You can hear the excitement in Pratt’s voice as she shares her bear’s truth and advice to make sure bear / human encounters are pleasant, not dangerous.

“Wild bears are a beautiful sight. It’s incredible to see them in the wild. I’ve never had a bad experience with a bear. What I try to make people feel is respect for bears, not fear. Animals in general Wants to avoid competitions.

A mother, Grizzly, and her baby walk through a meadow in Yellowstone National Park.

Bear in the news.

Bear attacks are rare, as Pratt and the U.S. National Park Service’s website point out, but they do happen.

Earlier this month In North Carolina, A pair of open dogs attracted the attention of a black bear while they were picnicking on Blue Ridge Parkway. A few days ago, a hunter was attacked. In Wyoming By a woman, Grizzly, who was with her children.

In each case, they have seized it, despite obstacles we can scarcely imagine. ” But in a European country Slovakia, A man died after being attacked by a brown bear in June.

Everyone explains that the rare is never equal.

Eids for the beasts.

This is a good time of year for bear facts and conservation as many bears are now at a stage known as. Hyper FagiaPratt said. “It’s an autumn season where bears are eating anything and everything to get fat for hibernation.”

He noted that mountain lions are relatively picky eaters. No bear

“They eat everything: ants. Road kills. Flowers. Nuts and, unfortunately, human food that is not safe. Our food is very attractive to them. It’s easy calories.

Connect it with this fact. National parks are setting attendance records. Get rid of more visitors in 2021, and you have a recipe for potential trouble.

“Encounters and conflicts are more likely if more people are using public land and more people are involved. It gives me a little bit of concern,” Pratt said.

The key is being worked out – and that’s where Pert and other acquaintances come in.

The first rule of the Bear Fight Club: Don’t fight.

The best strategy is to never hurt a wild bear by luring or provoking it. Trying to feed a bear or getting close to cute babies are especially scary ways to start an encounter. It’s just a search for trouble.

Of US National Park Service The site identifies each bear and each meeting is different, but general guidelines are useful in most situations.

First of all, Keep your distance If you are on a bear. Don’t go near it, and give it enough space to walk away from you. Yellowstone tells you to stay at least 100 yards (300 feet or 91 meters) away. Shenandoah National Park in Virginia recommends 200 feet (61 meters) for its black bears.

If you get too close, you can run away from the bear as well as the law. This week alone, a woman was sentenced to four days in federal custody and fined. Staying very close to the grizzly bear And her children in Yellowstone.

Other tips:

– Speak less than yourself to identify yourself as a human being.

– Take a walk with a group (we stink and make noise in packs) and stay on designated trails.

– If you have a small child or dog, pick it up.

– Do not place yourself between children and their mother.

Avoid direct eye contact. And if possible, move slowly.

“Don’t panic if the bear is standing on its hind legs,” Pratt said. This is not considered an offensive move.

“Almost all competitions are peaceful,” Pratt said. Many times, people never knew they were even close to a bear, as it is. YouTube video that shows. Two men emerge from a basement unaware of a nearby bear.

What if the bear started coming to you?

If a bear starts to move aggressively in your direction, you have to make important decisions – and fast.

The first thing is: stand your ground with the bear.

Either with Grizzlies (A subspecies of brown bearOr the black bear, “Please don’t run away. The bear can leave anyone behind,” Pratt said. “Don’t climb trees. They can climb trees better than you.

New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Fish and Wildlife. Here are some suggestions:

– Making noise, beating pots and pans or using air horns to scare bears.

– Show yourself as big as possible by waving your arms.

“You can usually scare the shit out of a sticky bear, depending on the species and situation,” Pratt said.

But what if the bear is going to attack?

You’re in a rare situation now – you’ve got the bear’s attention. It is not removed. It’s starting to get aggressive and fast on you. You think you are about to be attacked. what’s next?

It is very important to identify this type of bear immediately, as your strategy will be different.

If it’s a black bear, NPS and Pratt have a clear message: don’t run. Don’t play dead

“You want to land your land with black bears. Look as scared as possible,” Pratt said. Throw things close to him, not on him. You scared this black bear. Let him know that you are a great man. Pick something up Scream at it. If it does strike, fight back – face to face.

This is a different situation with Grizzlies.

If you are dealing with a firecracker that will not retreat and the attack is imminent, you are advised to do the opposite. You must play dead.

“Do as much non-threatening work with the church as possible. If it starts to attack, play dead with the church,” Pratt said. “Tick and cover. Get into the fetal position. Wrap your arms around your neck. Lie on your stomach.

The NPS explained: “Keep quiet until the bears leave the area. Fighting back usually increases the intensity of such attacks. However, if the attack continues, fight vigorously.” ۔

Fighting the grizzly bear is the last resort – “I have your heel” as Pratt put it – when all other options are gone.

Exception to this rule: If you are camping in a tent and attacking, the bear sees you as food. NPS and Pratt say it’s time for a fight.

How do you describe a black bear with fat?

First, get to know your area and read about the bears there.

In North America, grizzlies have a much larger range than black bears. In Lower 48, they are in Washington, Montana, Idaho and Wyoming. And Then in Alaska, Too. They also cover. Large parts of western Canada.

There is more area for black bears. He can be found in the maximum 40 US states, Most of Canada and parts of northern Mexico, National Wildlife Federation Says.

So say you’re in Quebec, Appalachians, Ozarkis, California or parts of Florida, it’s going to be a black bear. But if you’re in Yellowstone or Glacier National Park, for example, it could be a black bear or a grizzly bear. At the same time, it is important to know how to create instant visual recognition.

You can’t go by skin color. Black bears can be black, brown, cinnamon, blonde, blue, gray or white; According to Bear.org..

One of the best ways to tell the difference, Pratt said, is to find a hump on your shoulders. They have churches. Black bears don’t.

He also said that the shape of the face is different. The black bear’s face looks a little sweeter to me, a little round, straight-nosed. The grizzly bear’s face looks like that of a wild hunter and its shape is dry.

This is an NPS web page. More helpful ways To tell the difference

Fun facts: Eight species of bears can be found all over the world. – From tropical Sri Lanka to the colder regions of Russia, Norway and Canada. And European websites. The bear is watching Slovenia. Give as many safety tips as North Americans get.

Bear spray and weapons

Some people like to carry bear spray and / or weapons when they go to bear country.

Pratt is a former lawyer and says to practice using it before going to the forest. NPS has a helpful video and tips. Use spray to avoid bears

He is very careful to bring firearms with you, especially if you are inexperienced. “It will be difficult to get a grizzly out with a single shot. You need to be very experienced with a gun to increase your chances of safety.

A. A study at Brigham Young University In 2008, a more effective spray was found than firearms. And the spray doesn’t harm the bear permanently.

Some people like to carry bear bells on their hikes, hoping the noise will take the animals away. But The park service says “Screaming, clapping and talking are more effective ways to alert the bear to your presence.”

What the campers need to know.

If you are out camping overnight, you have extra ideas.

Kyle Peterson, a management expert and public affairs officer at Rocky Mountain National Park, emailed CNN Travel to keep hungry bears away.

Patterson suggested using a food storage locker if provided in campgrounds and picnic areas. Also, “Avoid storing food and coolers in your car. If you must, keep food in airtight containers in the trunk or out of sight. Close car windows completely.”

Other tips and precautions:

– Do not store food in campgrounds or in trailheads, in vehicles, in tents or in pop-up campers.

– Do not leave food, coolers and dirty cookware unattended. Park Rangers can seize them and refer you.

– Get rid of bear waste dumpsters and garbage cans.

Petersen said man-fed bears usually end up as chronic problems and need to be removed. “An open bear is a dead bear.”

The ball is in our court.

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